World War II

The Second World War is one of the bloodiest conflicts ever fought in human history. The destruction and bloodbath were unprecedented, bringing the world the closest to “total warfare.” Between September 1, 1939, and the formal surrender of Japan on September 2, 1945, an average of 27,000 people were slaughtered every day. Overall 40 to 50 million people died as a result of the war. 

World War II started with Hitler’s invasion of Poland. Several players fought the war. The two sides of the conflict were the Axis Powers, which included Germany, Japan, and Italy, and the Allies on the other side. The Allied Forces consisted of France, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, the United Nations of America, and China.

Both the World Wars were a watershed moment in twentieth-century geo-political history. It resulted in the Soviet Union’s dominance being extended to nations in Eastern Europe, allowing a communist movement to gain power in China eventually. It signaled a significant change in global power away from Western European states and toward the United States and the Soviet Union.

Adolf Hitler launched his invasion of Poland at dawn on Friday, September 1, 1939. The Poles battled valiantly, but they were vastly outmanned in soldiers and machines, particularly in the air. On September 3, 1939, France and Britain declared war on Germany but provided no substantial support to Poland. 

Stalin invaded eastern Poland two weeks later, and Warsaw surrendered on September 27. After another week of warfare, the organized Polish resistance ended. Hitler and Stalin partitioned Poland.  

Soon after Poland, Hitler invaded Denmark, Norway, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands in 1940. German U-boats targeted ships supplying Britain, including US ships. Japan, along with Germany and Italy, formed the Axis powers.

In Poland, the Nazis began a reign of terror that claimed six million people, half of them were Polish Jews executed in extermination camps. The Soviet government was no less severe. Stalin ordered the execution of nearly 20,000 Polish officers and others who had been seized in September 1939 in March and April 1940. 

Tens of thousands of Poles were also brutally deported to Siberia. Despite his commitments to Churchill and Roosevelt, Stalin had established a subservient communist administration in Poland by May 1945.

The Blitz, an acronym for Blitzkrieg, was the name given to German air raids on Britain between September 7, 1940, and May 16, 1941. On the night of August 24, 1940, London was accidentally bombarded, and the next night, Churchill ordered an attack on Berlin.

The Germans shifted their focus from assaulting RAF airfields to bombing British towns and cities. On September 7, 1940, dubbed “Black Saturday,” the first significant attacks on London began. The capital was bombed for 57 nights in a row by the Luftwaffe, which dropped around 13,650 tons of high explosives and 12,586 incendiary canisters.

After Japan’s conquest of French Indo-China in July 1941, US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, followed by the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, ordered the freeze of Japanese assets. Many Japanese people now believed that the only option was to go to war with the United States and the European colonial powers. 

In October 1941, a hardline government under General Hideki Tojo took office, and plans were formulated to deal a severe blow to the Americans. On December 7, 1941, “a date that will live in infamy,” Japanese carrier-borne aircraft attacked the US Pacific fleet at its base in the Hawaiian Islands, Pearl Harbor. Despite the warnings, the Americans were utterly taken off guard. 

Eight battleships were decommissioned, and seven additional warships were damaged or lost. Over 2,500 Americans were killed, while just 29 Japanese planes were lost. Notably, the American carriers were at sea and thus escaped, and the base itself was not shut down. The US Congress, led by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, declared war on Japan the next day.

For six months after Pearl Harbor, Japanese forces carried all before them, seizing Hong Kong, Malaya, the Philippines, and the Dutch East Indies, precisely as Admiral Yamamoto prophesied. In May 1942, the Japanese planned to destroy the United States as a strategic Pacific power in order to strengthen their grip on their new conquests.

Fighting raged on throughout the Pacific between 1944 and early 1945, with critical battles on Leyte, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa. Most of Japan’s conquests had been liberated by the late spring of 1945, and Allied forces began closing in on the Japanese mainland. 

The Allies launched massive bombing assaults against major Japanese cities, including Tokyo, as they approached Japan. This process proceeded throughout the summer of 1945 until the United States ultimately dropped two Atomic bombs. They attacked Hiroshima on August 6 and Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. Japan surrendered a few days later, stunned by the sudden damage.

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On the afternoon of May 8, 1945, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill delivered the radio announcement that the entire world had been anticipating. He announced on the radio, “Yesterday morning at 2.41 a.m., at General Eisenhower’s headquarters, General Jodl, the representative of the German High Command, and Grand Admiral Dönitz, the designated head of the German State, signed the act of unconditional surrender of all German land, sea, and air forces in Europe,”. 

In the same year, US President Harry S. Truman declared the surrender of Japan and the end of World War II. The news immediately spread, and jubilation erupted across the country. On September 2, 1945, formal capitulation documents were signed aboard the USS Missouri, establishing the day as Victory over Japan Day. After six years of brutal fighting, millions of lives lost, and nations wholly decimated, the global war finally came to an end. 

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Adolf Hitler,Nazi Germany, World War 2

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History

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High School,UnderGraduate

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Sample Details

Topic

Adolf Hitler,Nazi Germany, World War 2

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History

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High School,UnderGraduate

Page

2

Words

943
Download PDF

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To Kill a Mockingbird Symbolism

“Mockingbirds don’t do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. They don’t eat up people’s gardens, don’t nest in corncribs, they don’t do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. That’s why it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.”

The novel “To Kill a Mockingbird” is set in the fictional town of Maycomb. It revolves around separate but interconnected events– Scout and Jem Finch’s daily lives and their father’s (Atticus Finch) imperilment as a lawyer.

Maycomb is a prosaic town sprinkled with azaleas and geraniums but is a sleeping volcano of racist tendencies. This is why when a white woman, Mayella Ewell, accused Tom Robinson, a Black man, of rape, Maycomb did not think twice about convicting him.

A fair lawyer, Atticus Finch, did not think twice about defending Robinson despite the entire town turning on him.

Meanwhile, Atty. Finch’s children, Scout and Jem, and their friends go on their counterpart of drama and thrill as they nose around the weird Boo Radley, a recluse who became a local legend.

The novel climaxes as the case of Robinson v. Ewell heads straight to a hooking twist–Ewell’s father (Bob Ewell) assaulted her. Despite this conclusion being evidence-backed, the court sentenced Robinson to death. Maycomb killed a mockingbird. Meanwhile, Boo Radley killed Bob Ewell to defend Scout and Jem. Radley escaped conviction when Sheriff Tate refused to “… shootin’ a mockingbird.”

This award-winning novel by Harper Lee stayed one of the most celebrated for decades. The epic symbolism in the novel might be one of the reasons why To Kill a Mockingbird is a common favorite for distinguished people. 

The novel used numerous symbols, but this essay discusses only four of To Kill a Mockingbird’s symbolism.

Mockingbird Symbolism

A mockingbird is an enduring symbol of innocence and beauty in the novel. The mockingbird symbol is especially for Tom Robinson and Boo Radley–both falsely accused of crimes and scandals they did not commit. The mockingbird also symbolizes the dauntless innocence of Scout, Jem, and their friends.

When Tom Robinson was falsely convicted and sentenced to death, people called it “killing a mockingbird”–symbolized the death of an innocent man and a victim of racism.

Similarly, when Boo Radley killed Bob Ewell when Ewell hurt the kids, Sheriff Tate covered up for him because convicting him would be like “killing a mockingbird.”

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Finch Symbolism

Finch, a type of small bird, is Scout, Jem, and Atticus’ last name. This fact goes hand in hand with the motif (mockingbird) of the novel. Being friends and the defendant of the mockingbirds (Robinson and Radley) subjects the Finches to the violence of racism, bullying, and power play in the town of Maycomb.

Rabid Dog Symbolism

The dog gone rabid symbolizes how a mundane, amiable creature can suddenly pose a threat, just like how Maycomb went violent towards Robinson and Atty. Finch. The usual family-friendly town turned into a lynching, angry mob due to mindless racism. 

Atticus was the one who shot the rabid dog, justifying it as the better thing to do and the safest for everyone in town. This scene symbolizes how he was willing to “shoot down” racism in his town.

Geraniums Symbolism

Mayella Ewell, despite her second-hand murder and false rape claims against Tom Robinson and the deteriorated state of her house, still managed to grow and maintain beautiful red geraniums in her flower pots.

This symbolizes Mayella’s subconscious attempt to “beautify” or “save” her unfortunate family affairs and misery. It may also come to some audiences as a message of chilling hope that life and beauty will always coexist with death and the ugly.

For decades, To Kill a Mockingbird has been one of the major icons of the fight against bullying and injustice. It inspires and will continue to inspire people to stand up for what is right and maintain integrity at all times. To Kill a Mockingbird is not only an indelible experience once read but also a novel full of moral lessons people of any age must keep treasured. 

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Academic Essay
Harrison Bergeron by Kurt Vonnegut Jr.

Harrison Bergeron is a short story written by an American writer named Kurt Vonnegut Jr.. It is a satirical, dystopian, science fiction story based on a society whose desperate attempt to achieve perfection resulted in misfortunes. The story was initially published in October 1961 and was republished in 1968 by the Welcome to the Monkey House Collection.

The story takes place in the year 2081. In line with the amendments to the constitution, every American citizen is entirely equal. This means that no one is weaker than the other, no one is slower, no one is uglier, faster, or wiser— all are equal. Agents and generals monitor and ensure that the law of equality is enforced. 

The story starts on one fateful day in April. A then fourteen-year-old Harrison Bergeron was taken away from his parents—George and Hazel. However, both of his parents were not fully aware of this tragedy. Hazel’s intelligence is average, resulting in a lack of awareness of her surroundings. People like Hazel possess such intelligence and cannot think or stretch their thinking time. On the other hand, despite having great intelligence, George could not comprehend well because the law requires people with above-average intelligence to wear a radio twenty-four hours a day. The government broadcasts a noise over these radios, which interrupts the thoughts of intelligent citizens like George. 

When Hazel and George watch the ballerinas dance on TV, Hazel cries but can’t grasp the cause of her tears. After a while, She and George praise the dancers on TV. The ballerinas were masked to hide their good looks and were handicapped to make their moves appear average. After a few moments of watching, George’s thoughts were interrupted by a noise.

 Two ballerinas also appear to get distracted, which means they possess above-average intelligence. There was a brief moment when George thought about his son, Harrison, as another noise distracted him from his thoughts. Before thinking deeper, Hazel urges him to lie down and rest his handicap bag, which weighs 47 pounds. This bag was placed and locked around George’s neck. Instead of lying down, he decided to get up and fetch some beer to help him relax a little bit. Hazel just smiled and agreed. 

The TV soon flashes a piece of news that was read by a man who has a speech impairment. Hazel praised the man for trying and said that he deserved a raise. When the man gives up trying, he passes the bulletin to a ballerina. The lady then read it in her natural, lovely voice. Still, after being aware of what she had done, she immediately apologized and continued reading it using a low-almost-growling voice so that no one would get jealous. The bulletin says that Harrison has escaped from prison. 

They flashed a picture of Harrison on the TV. He is wearing his handicapped that were made to suppress his strength, good looks, and intelligence. There was a rumbling noise on the TV. What followed was a video of Harrison removing his handicapped and claiming that he is the emperor and the greatest ruler in history and soon took off his handicapped to reveal his good looks. He ordered everyone to obey his commands, and he would make them royalty. Harrison then looked for a potential wife, saying he would make her the queen of his kingdom. A ballerina stepped up, removed her handicapped, and revealed her goddess-like beauty. 

Harrison ordered two musicians to play a song, and he will make them royalties. They danced to the music, and as if defying gravity, they floated 30 meters up in the air where they kissed. Diana Moon Glampers, the head handicapped general, came to the studio with a shotgun and shot both Harrison and the ballerina. She also warned both of the musicians to wear their handicapped or she’ll shoot them too. The TV screen turned black, and afterwards, George came with his beer and asked Hazel why she was crying. Hazel, who couldn’t remember what happened, said she watched something sad. Unaware of all these happenings, George advised Hazel to avoid remembering anything painful. Up to the end, both are unaware of what happened to their son, Harrison. 

Harrison Bergeron by Kurt Vonnegut is a tragic short story that bravely talks about different issues that we experience up to this moment. As they say, one cannot achieve perfection without flaws. This short story reminded us that overdoing something might make us forget the purpose of doing it all. Perfectionism is a disease that kills the hope for equality. Knowing and drawing clear boundaries between right and wrong should be the top priority to achieve equality.

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In conclusion, Harrison is an excellent example of someone who has been silenced and suppressed but bravely stood up, showing his defiance and hunger for power. Equality in this story was taken into literal form. In reality, equality pertains to the rights and freedom of everyone, not to how we look or think because we are all made different from each other. 

This story has raised awareness not only among many citizens but also among the leaders. Like Harrison, many of us are breaking free from society’s constraints of social norms. In the end, the story depicts how equally unequal their community is. 

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Academic Essay
The Tragedy of Macbeth and the Importance of “Sleeping on It”

Is blindly and impatiently chasing something that was eventually lost sound familiar?

Shakespeare’s Macbeth certainly thinks so.

After several eras, the story “Macbeth” and its moral lessons remain relevant to the modern age. It is one of the major topics for critical, analytical, and literary essays for college students globally. “Macbeth” may be the shortest tragedy Shakespeare has written; still, it is not scarce on heavy themes, symbolism, wisdom, and drama. 

Macbeth’s story starts when three witches prophesied his dual title gain after his victorious battles alongside his friend and co-general, Banquo. Shakespeare was vague on why the witches deemed it necessary to prophesy Macbeth. However, this literary essay will clarify what Macbeth chose to do with this prophecy.

The play consisted of 5 acts. Heavy fantasy, medieval settings, and human emotions filled every scene. Let us tackle each.

In Act 1, Macbeth’s ego evolves when the witches’ first prophecy about him comes true, enhanced by the fact that he is a victor of multiple battles. This scene is where it all goes wrong. He had two choices: Be grateful and patient for the “King of Scotland” prophecy to happen naturally, or be greedy and rush the process. Mixing with his wife’s hunger for power, Macbeth chooses the latter.

Act 2 gives Macbeth the option to take the other road. However, his greed increases and Lady Macbeth nourishes this greed for personal gain. After killing his beloved King Duncan to accelerate his kingship, Macbeth sinks into tormenting guilt and self-loath.

In Act 3, Macbeth indeed becomes King of Scotland. Instead of being a good King, his rampant greed and remorse for killing his King made him a tyrant. Further, Macbeth’s paranoia about Banquo’s children overthrowing him compels him to murder another friend and his children. Here, Macbeth loses his chances of retribution, for Banquo’s son, Fleance, survives.

In Act 4, King Macbeth tries to soothe himself by seeking more prophecy from the witches. The three witches–may be sensing Macbeth’s dark intentions and brokenness–indulge him with vague predictions such as no man born of a woman can harm him.

This insatiable greed and blind chase for power denied him the signs of an upcoming rebellion against him by Macduff and King Duncan’s surviving son, Malcolm.

In the last Act,  Macbeth learns that Lady Macbeth committed suicide due to self-inflicted suffering. It is debatable that he could have chosen to surrender to the incoming rebellion led by Macduff and Malcolm. Instead, his greed and pride override his grief.

King Macbeth gloats over his enemies, knowing that the witches prophesied that anyone born of a woman could not harm him. Because of his greed and desperation for comfort from his grief, Macbeth fails to protect himself from Macduff, who was technically not born of a woman but was pulled out from his mother’s womb instead (caesarian).

Realizing his mistake of haste trapped him, Macbeth surrenders to Macduff, who then beheads him as a symbol of the people’s triumph over King Macbeth’s tyranny. 

Malcolm becomes King of Scotland to serve as a velveteen sheet over Macbeth’s betrayal of his father, the late King Duncan, and the people of Scotland during his reign of terror.

The story of Macbeth delivered not only a thrilling drama but also hinted at noteworthy lessons for people of any age and era.

First, “Macbeth” teaches us that “sleeping on it” is worth every second. When Macbeth received the glittering prophecy of his kingship, he let his excitement and pride run over his chances to take the news calmly. When Lady Macbeth suggested they kill King Duncan, Macbeth could have let the night slip away in peace and talked about the situation when their shock and greed subsided after a good sleep.

Second, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth could have avoided their tragedies if they had only taken their prophecy in the same way Banquo took his. Banquo accepts it with patience and humility, both of which Macbeth and his wife seemingly do not possess. Banquo could have killed Macbeth and his family to claim the throne for his children, but his morals prevented it. Macbeth sabotages his successful fate with his oversized ego and impatience.

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Lastly, this story teaches us to be careful about whom we listen to. Macbeth’s first mistake was listening to the three witches and taking their word at face value, knowing they could have been toying with him. Another one is him listening to all of Lady Macbeth’s wicked persuasion and the torture of his masculinity, constantly challenging him to “man up.”

In real life, we should always be mindful of whom we take advice from, even from a trusted friend or lover.

Shakespeare’s “Macbeth” is not as celebrated as his “Romeo and Juliet” or “Hamlet.” Still, its theme, plot, and character design give it an edge in the literary world. If anyone is at a point in life where they think they will never get there, Macbeth shows examples of why one should always “sleep on it.”

Pages 2
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Words 834
Academic Essay
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