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Even though not many individuals are familiar with the pathophysiological explanation for this phenomenon, everyone is aware of its increasingly hazardous and alarmingly ubiquitous notoriety. The world is aware that AIDS is a hazardous condition that has no remedy. Check out this HIV essay to know more about it.
Consequently, scientists from various countries have been cooperating to locate treatments and possibly an effective remedy without any adverse reactions for this affliction.
Although there is still no definitive remedy for AIDS, current research from 2018 has revealed that a vaccine may be able to stop the disease from appearing in people who have not been infected. Additionally, women infected with HIV now have the option to use ART (Antiretroviral Therapy) when breastfeeding their babies, which reduces the risk of the infants contracting the virus. Finally, ART has been seen to extend the lifespan of people with the virus to a more typical lifespan.
Prior to delving into this study, it is necessary to obtain a basic comprehension of AIDS and its causes. Mayo Clinic states that Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a condition that is triggered by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which is a type of retrovirus. This virus can weaken the human body’s natural capacity to fight infection by singling out CD4 T-Cells.
An AIDS diagnosis is determined by measuring the number of T-cells in the body. If the count is 200 or less, that indicates a weakened adaptive and overall immunity. According to the National Institutes of Health, there are two types of vaccines for people with or without AIDS. The first one is designed for individuals who are not infected and focuses on preventing HIV transmission in any way.
The second kind of vaccine is aimed at curtailing HIV after it has been passed on to a person; this is known as a healing immunization. Regarding the initial type, three potential objectives for the total avoidance of HIV transmission do not necessarily have to be pursued simultaneously.
A preventive vaccine can stimulate the production of either antibodies or T-cells or extend the time before the onset of AIDS, thus allowing medical treatment to be implemented more efficiently before the individual has contracted HIV. Currently, clinical experiments are being conducted to evaluate vaccines featuring C1 proteins made in a lab, which attempt to mimic an HIV invasion of the host.
Although not everybody would get the vaccine, it would still benefit the overall population because of herd immunity, which lowers the odds of unvaccinated people catching the illness. Therapeutic vaccinations strive to decelerate or inhibit the rapid spread of HIV after it has been transmitted.
Therapeutic vaccinations strive to decelerate or inhibit the rapid spread of HIV after it has been transmitted. Going forward, scientists are optimistic that through the utilization of curative vaccines, they will be able to eradicate HIV and replace the need for taking daily antiretroviral treatments.
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