Civil War Essay

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Civil War Essay Thesis

The American Civil War remains one of the most significant events in our nation’s history. It was a conflict that pitted the North against the South, brother against brother, and freedom against slavery. The war lasted from 1861 to 1865, resulting in more than 600,000 deaths and many other casualties. Its effects were felt decades after its conclusion, creating long-lasting changes throughout America that still shape our society today.

Prior to the battle, multiple occurrences had transpired. Three of the most significant precursors to the U.S. Civil War were the issue of slavery, the dispute between federal and state powers, and the campaign to abolish slavery.

Civil war essay

The threat of continued enslavement caused much controversy and disruption to the country’s unity. 

The inquiry resulted in secession, causing a war in which the Northern and Western parts of the country attempted to maintain the Union. In contrast, the South attempted to establish its independence as a separate confederation of states by creating its constitution.

At the time of the Civil War, countless people of African origin and their family members were toiling away as forced laborers on vast farms in the Southern U.S., having been coerced to do so to fulfill various duties. Even though only a tiny proportion of people in the South possessed enslaved people, the practice of slavery became an integral part of the regional economy.

It was possible to pay off debts by renting, swapping, or purchasing enslaved people. Instead of just being regarded as a group of enslaved people, responsibility for them became a way to increase social standing and wealth. Enslaved people were the property of individuals and businesses. They represented a huge portion of their personal and corporate wealth, particularly when cotton and land prices decreased and the value of enslaved people increased.

Gradually, the circumstances in the North had come to abolish slavery. A continuous influx of immigrants, predominantly from Ireland and Germany during the famine of the 1850s, supplied the North with a ready supply of laborers, many of whom could be hired at low costs, decreasing the necessity of relying on the practice of slavery.

One of the major contributors to the Civil War was the disagreement between the central government and individual states regarding political power. This conflict focused heavily on the issue of slavery and whether the federal government had the power to regulate or even abolish slavery within a single state.

The division of opinion between northern and southern states was very noticeable, which widened the disparity between the two regions. By the mid-1830s, those who wanted to abolish slavery in the US were becoming increasingly vocal and influential. They argued that they were subject to a higher law than the Constitutional agreement that any criminal from one state would be considered a criminal in all other states.

The Fugitive Slave Act, combined with the circulation of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin, assisted in abrogating slavery all over the country. By the middle of the 1830s, people who wanted the organization abolished in the US were becoming more forceful and influential.

They argued that abiding by a higher moral principle was more important than the Constitution’s assurance that a criminal’s actions in one state would be seen as illegal everywhere. The Fugitive Slave Act and the circulation of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin provided nationwide support for the abolition of slavery.

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